Restoration of Degraded Habitats

Credit: K.E. HeersCoastal and marine habitats are increasingly degraded by harmful fishing practices, harbour construction, industrial development and flood defence as well as oil, gas, sand and gravel extraction from the sea bed. For example, land reclamation and construction of dykes have led to the loss of huge areas of saltmarsh in the Wadden Sea. Although mussel banks and seagrass beds are steadily declining mussel and cockle fisheries continue. River mouths have been altered to meet the demands of shipping industry and estuary sediments are stirred up by dredging activities. In the vicinity of offshore oil and gas platforms, very little is left of the pristine marine environment. WWF runs model projects in order to facilitate the restoration of degraded or lost coastal and marine habitats.
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