Useful References and Links on Marine Protected Areas
map of proposed MPAs


WWF Resources


About the Gully - WWF Canada

Ancient coral reefs under attack - Feature article on cold water coral reefs


Azores protects deep-sea hydrothermal vents - Gift to the Earth Factsheet (download as PDF file)

Baltic marine life still left out in the cold / Effective protection of North-East Atlantic treasures still on ice - Scorecard (download as PDF file: 304 KB)

Conservation of Deep-Sea Corals in Atlantic Canada - Report by WWF Canada (download as PDF file)

Cold Water Corals - Factsheet (download as PDF file)

Cold-water corals: fragile havens in the deep - screen version (download as PDF file) print version (download as PDF file)

Cold-water Coral Reefs: Out of Sight - no Longer Out of Mind (joint Report by UNEP, Norway, Ireland, UK and WWF - screen resolution - 1,6 MB)

Coral Reefs in the North Atlantic - Miniwebsite


Coral Reefs threatened off Britain - Factsheet about the Darwin Mounds
(download as PDF file)

Developing a Framework for Marine Protected Areas in the North-East Atlantic - Report of the WWF Workshop, 13-14 November 1999, Brest, France
Full Report
(download as Word file) ---- Full Report (download as PDF file)

Do Governments Protect the Treasures of Our Seas? Measuring progress on marine protected areas - Report to the OSPAR-HELCOM Ministerial Meeting 2003 (download as PDF file: 1,8 MB)

Essentials for the OSPAR Ministerial Meeting 1998 - Ecosystems and Biological Diversity - Briefing (download as PDF file)

Fisheries closures in the North-East Atlantic with benefits for deep-water habitats (map, download as JPG file)

High Seas - Ocean territory under threat - WWF / IUCN / WCPA Factsheet
(download as PDF file)

Implementation of the EU Habitats Directive Offshore: Natura 2000 Sites for Reefs and Submerged Sandbanks (select and download as PDF files)
*
Volume 1: Introduction & Rationale (744 kB )
* Volume 2: North East Atlantic and North Sea (5,9 MB)
Overview maps from the report:
* Reefs in the NE Atlantic - 200 nautical miles zones (828 kB)
* Submerged sandbanks in the NE Atlantic - 200 nautical miles zones (840 kB)
Detail maps of submerged sandbanks:
* North Sea (412 kB)
* UK & Ireland (652 kB)
* France & Spain (256 kB)
* Portugal (208 kB)
Detail maps of reefs:
* UK & Ireland (556 kB)
* France & Spain (252 kB)
* Portugal (208 kB)

Lophelia Reefs - A Pilot Case for Offshore Environmental Protection - Presentation at ACES Workshop, Galway, Ireland, June 2000
(download as Word file)

Make Space for a Network of Marine Protected Areas! - Briefing for the OSPAR-HELCOM Ministerial Meeting 2003 (download as PDF file: 464 KB)

Making Space for North Sea Wildlife - The Need for Marine Protected Areas in the Context of North Sea Wide Spatial Planning - Briefing for the 5th North Sea Conference (download as PDF file)
North Sea maps: human uses vs. conservation needs
* Offshore areas proposed for protection (600 kB)
* Examples of ecologically important areas (1 MB)
* Sediments and sediment disturbance (700 kB)
* Sediment disturbance by bottom trawls (576 kB)
* Offshore sources of pollution and noise (436 kB)

Management direction for the Bowie Seamount MPA - Report by WWF Canada (download as PDF file)

Managing Across Boundaries: the Dogger Bank - a future international marine protected area (download as PDF file)

Marine Protected Areas in the context of Marine Spatial Planning - discussing the links - WWF UK
(download as PDF file)

Norwegian coldwater coral protection - setting an international example in marine conservation -
Gift to the Earth Factsheet (download as PDF file)

Oases on the sea floor - Feature article on hydrothermal vents


Planning for Representative Marine Protected Areas - A Framework for Canada's Oceans - WWF Canada
Full Report
(download as PDF file)
Case Study - including maps (download as PDF file)

Proposal for the nomination of a marine protected area within areas beyond national jurisdiction: Rainbow Vent Field (download as PDF file: 3,4 MB)

Saving the Treasures of Our Seas - by creating networks of marine protected areas in the North-East Atlantic - WWF project brochure
(download as PDF file: 505 kB)

Scotlands Cold Water Corals At Risk - News article on the Darwin Mounds


Seamounts and similar features in the North-East Atlantic - Map (download as PDF file 2,4 MB)

Seamounts of the North-East Atlantic - WWF / OASIS-Report (download as PDF file 6,7 MB)

Ten Year High Seas Marine Protected Area Strategy - as agreed ad vth World Parks Congress 2003 - IUCN / WCPA / WWF document (download as PDF file)

The Darwin Mounds and the Dogger Bank - case studies of the management of two potential "Special Areas of Conservation" in the offshore environment - Report
(download as PDF file: 1,2 MB)

The Darwin Mounds - Out of Sight and still under Threat - Report (download as PDF file: 224 kB)

The Offshore MPA Toolbox. Implementing marine protected areas in the North-East Atlantic offshore: Seamounts – A case study (download as PDF file: 2,2 MB or enter HTML Version)

The Status of Natural Resources on the High-Seas - WWF / IUCN Report
(download as PDF file)

Towards a Strategy for High Seas Marine Protected Areas - Proceedings of the IUCN, WCPA and WWF Experts Workshop (download as PDF file)

Working to set up marine protected areas

Worlds lost before they‘re known? - Feature article on seamounts


WWF's work for the high seas


Other Institutions and Resources


Aires Marines protégées Françaises - Réseau d'échange technique

Atlantic Coral Ecosystem Study (ACES)


BioPlatform - European Platform for Biodiversity

Conservation of Arctic Fauna and Flora (CAFF)

Continental Shelf Information System (CONTIS) - German Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH), including maps of human uses and (proposed) protected sites in the German EEZ

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA), UK: Natura 2000 in Offshore Waters: Note of the European Seminar on 17-18 June 2002 at Gatwick, UK, on Implementation of the EC Habitats and Bird Directives in offshore waters and Concluding Principles (download as PDF file)

DEEPWAVE - an initiative to protect the High and Deep Seas

English Nature Research Report 537 - Networks of Protected Areas in the Maritime Environment (download as PDF file)

European Union: Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora


European Union: Directive 79/404/EEC on the conservation of wild birds

European Union - Natura 2000 - Sites of Community Importance (SCIs): Atlantic - Continental - Macaronesian Biogeographic Region

Fisheries and Oceans, Canada - Pilot Marine Protected Areas

German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) - Application of NATURA 2000 in the Marine Environment

German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) - proposed offshore NATURA 2000 sites (German only - with PDF download maps)

German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) - Legal Regulations, Legal Instruments and Competent Authorities with Relevance for Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and the High Seas of the OSPAR Maritime Area


German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) -Managing Risks to Biodiversity and the Environment on the High Sea, Including Tools Such as Marine Protected Areas

Norwegian Directorate for Nature Conservation: map of candidate marine protected areas (download as PDF file)

Norwegian Institute for Marine Research: Coral Reefs in Norway

Instituto da Conservacao da Natureza (ICN) - Rede Nacional de Áreas Protegidas - maps and features of protected areas (in Portuguese)


International Conference on the Protection of the North Sea (1995) - Esbjerg Declaration - Protection of Species and Habitats in Coastal and Offshore Areas

International Conference on the Protection of the North Sea (2002) - Progress Report - Chapter 3: The Protection of Species and Habitats in Coastal and Offshore Waters

International Conference on the Protection of the North Sea (2002) - Bergen Declaration - Chapters II & XI: Conservation, Restoration and Protection of Species and Habitats (§§ 5-12) & Cooperation in the Process of Spatial Planning in the North Sea (§§ 76-79) (download as PDF file)

International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) - Press Release "Close Europe's Cold-Water Coral Reefs to Fishing

International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) - Report on cold water corals (download as PDF file)

International News and Analysis on Marine Protected Areas (MPA News)


Intermediate North Sea Ministerial Meeting on the Integration of Fisheries and Environmental Issues (1997) - Statement of Conclusions

InterRidge - an initiative for international cooperation in ridge-crest studies

Jakarta Mandate on Marine and Coastal Biological Diversity (download as PDF file)

Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) Report 325 - Natura 2000 in UK Offshore Waters (download as PDF file)

Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC), Nature Conservation Adviser to UK Government - The Habitats Directive: Selection of Special Areas of Conservation in the UK

Norwegian Nature Conservation Directorate - Proposed Marine Protected Areas in Norwegian Waters (in Norwegian, with maps)

OceAnic Seamounts - an Integrated Study (OASIS)

OSPAR Convention, Annex V on the Protection and Conservation of the Ecosystems and Biological Diversity of the Maritime Area

OSPAR Strategy with Regard to the Protection and Conservation of the Ecosystems and Biological Diversity of the Maritime Area (1998)

OSPAR Ministerial Meeting 1998, Sintra Statement

OSPAR Ministerial Meeting 2003, Bremen Statement

OSPAR-HELCOM Joint Ministerial Declaration 2003 (download as PDF file)

OSPAR-HELCOM Work Programme on Marine Protected Areas (2003) (download as PDF file)

OSPAR Biodiversity Strategy - as reviewed in 2003 (download as zip file)

OSPAR Recommendation on a Network of Marine Protected Areas (2003) (download as zip file)

OSPAR Guidelines for the Identification and Selection of Marine Protected Areas (download as zip file)

OSPAR Guidelines for the Management of Marine Protected Areas (download as zip file)

OSPAR Criteria for the Identification of Species and Habitats in need of Protection and their Method of Application (download as zip file)

OSPAR Initial List of Threatened and Declining Species and Habitats (download as zip file)

OSPAR Biodiversity Committee Meeting 2005, Summary Record (download as zip file)

Ramsar Convention on Wetlands

Tjärno Marine Biological Laboratory, Sweden: Remote Operating Vehicle

UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre: Cold -water Corals

United Nations Open-ended Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea (UNICPOLOS)


US Marine Protected Areas

World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) and IUCN Programme on Protected Areas

World Parks Congress (WPC) 2003: Recommendation No 22 on Marine and Coastal Protected Area Networks (download as PDF file)

World Parks Congress (WPC) 2003: Recommendation No 23 on Marine Protected Areas beyond National Jurisdiction (download as PDF file)

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